Our ENT specialists diagnose and treat diseases of the vocal cords which may cause hoarseness or difficulty swallowing. Any patient who has hoarseness that lasts longer than three weeks should have an examination by a specialist. Part of this examination will include a flexible laryngoscopy to visualize the movement and appearance of the vocal cords. With laryngoscopy we are able to see a variety of abnormalities such as vocal cord polyps, nodules, cysts, and benign or malignant tumors. This office procedure takes about 1-2 minutes and it is not painful. We also treat patients who have difficulty swallowing due to problems in the esophagus. Patients who have a history of heartburn and who develop difficulty swallowing should always have the internal lining of the esophagus inspected with a procedure called esophagoscopy. We are able to perform esophagoscopy right in the office with only topical anesthesia.
This video shows normal structure and function of the larynx and vocal cords.
This video shows a voice disorder called muscle tension dysphonia. The muscles just above the white vocal cords squeeze together too much, choking out the sound. This can be treated with voice therapy in most cases.
This video shows evidence of difficulty swallowing. There are pooling secretions around the larynx which should not normally be present. This is indicative of neuromuscular disease affecting the larynx and throat muscles.
This video shows a fairly large round cyst on the patient's right vocal cord. The cyst interferes with the movement of the vocal cord and therefore it adversely affects voice quality. In this image the patient's right side is on the left side of the screen because of the orientation of the camera.